Version 4.0 of the .NET Framework included a new CLR which is almost entirely backwards compatible with the 2.0 version of the CLR. However, by default, mixed-mode assemblies targeting .NET 3.5sp1 and earlier will fail to load in a .NET 4 application. Fixing this requires setting useLegacyV2RuntimeActivationPolicy in your app.Config for the application. While there are many good reasons for this decision, there are times when this is extremely frustrating, especially when writing a library. As such, there are (rare) times when it would be beneficial to set this in code, at runtime, as well as verify that it’s running correctly prior to receiving a FileLoadException.
The Visual Studio team today released an update to the Visual Studio Async CTP which allows it to be used with Visual Studio SP1. This new CTP includes some very nice new additions over the previous CTP. The main highlights of this release include:
- Compatibility with Visual Studio SP1
- APIs for Windows Phone 7
- Compatibility with non-English installations
- Compatibility with Visual Studio Express Edition
- More efficient Async methods due to a change in the API
- Numerous bug fixes
- New EULA which allows distribution in production environments
Anybody using the Async CTP should consider upgrading to the new version immediately. For details, visit the Visual Studio Asynchronous Programming page on MSDN.
Although the Task class provides a huge amount of flexibility for handling asynchronous actions, the .NET Framework still contains a large number of APIs that are based on the previous asynchronous programming model. While Task and Task<T> provide a much nicer syntax as well as extending the flexibility, allowing features such as continuations based on multiple tasks, the existing APIs don’t directly support this workflow.
My introduction to Task continuations demonstrates continuations on the Task class. In addition, I’ve shown how continuations allow handling of multiple tasks in a clean, concise manner. Continuations can also be used to handle exceptional situations using a clean, simple syntax.
In my introduction to Task continuations I demonstrated how the Task class provides a more expressive alternative to traditional callbacks. Task continuations provide a much cleaner syntax to traditional callbacks, but there are other reasons to switch to using continuations…
In traditional asynchronous programming, we’d often use a callback to handle notification of a background task’s completion. The Task class in the Task Parallel Library introduces a cleaner alternative to the traditional callback: continuation tasks.
The Task class in the Task Parallel Library supplies a large set of features. However, when creating the task, and assigning it to a TaskScheduler, and starting the Task, there are quite a few steps involved. This gets even more cumbersome when multiple tasks are involved. Each task must be constructed, duplicating any options required, then started individually, potentially on a specific scheduler. At first glance, this makes the new Task class seem like more work than ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem in .NET 3.5.
The Managed Extensibility Framework is an amazingly useful addition to the .NET Framework. I was very excited to see System.ComponentModel.Composition added to the core framework. Personally, I feel that MEF is one tool I’ve always been missing in my .NET development.
Unfortunately, one perfect scenario for MEF tends to fall short of it’s full potential is in Windows Presentation Foundation development. In particular, there are many times when the XAML parser constructs objects in WPF development, which makes composition of those parts difficult. The current release of MEF (Preview Release 9) addresses this for Silverlight developers via System.ComponentModel.Composition.CompositionInitializer. However, there is no equivalent class for WPF developers.
In my introduction to the Task class, I specifically made mention that the Task class does not directly provide it’s own execution. In addition, I made a strong point that the Task class itself is not directly related to threads or multithreading. Rather, the Task class is used to implement our decomposition of tasks.
Before discussing Task creation and actual usage in concurrent environments, I will briefly expand upon my introduction of the Task class and provide a short explanation of the distinct forms of Task. The Task Parallel Library includes four distinct, though related, variations on the Task class.